More teeth will be lost to gum disease (periodontal disease), than tooth decay.
If your hands bled when you washed them you would be concerned, yet many people think it is normal for their gums bleed after they brush or floss them.
Periodontal disease is usually painless. Red or bleeding gums can be the first signs that you have periodontal disease. If this bacterial infection is allowed to persist is can lead to your teeth coming loose and falling out
There are two levels of gum disease.
Gingivitis- If an area of gumline is missed with your toothbrush, within a day or two plaque will start to build up on your teeth and start to harden. Your body responds to this presence of the bacteria filled plaque on your gumline, using an immune response in the form of inflammation. Your gums become swollen, red, and bleed more easily. Gingivitis is treated with professional hygiene visits during your 6 monthly check ups.
Periodontitis- (gum disease)- This is a more advanced form of gum inflammation. Periodontal Disease causes the bone and gum that hold your teeth in, to start to break down. This means, that your gums can shrink (gum recession), and you can form 'gum pockets' that are spaces between your gums and your teeth where parts of your teeth are no longer attached to your body. People with untreated periodontitis, will have easily bleeding gums, bad breath, teeth drifting out of position, loose teeth, and will usually have little or no pain, until the affected teeth are too advanced to treat.
Treatment options. Periodontitis is usually treatable. We assess Periodontial disease during every 6 monthly Check Up.
Gingivitis is often treated with extensive in chair teeth cleaning and regular review and maintenance visits.
With Periodontitis, sometimes a surgical approach is necessary. Any procedures, and expectations for the future will be discussed prior to treatment.
It is important to realize that the most important step for successful treatment is your ongoing hygiene at home, and modification of lifestyle factors which may be a big part of the problem.
Costs will be discussed and a written quote provided for any treatment recommended.